Films are Grouped into Blocks. 1 Ticket = 1 Block.

Film Descriptions are below the schedule!

Feb 14, Thursday, 5pm-10:45pm

5:00 - 6:30 pm

Gifts of Silver  –  United Kingdom,  17 min

Carbon Weevils  –  United Kingdom, 7 min

El Río  –  United States (in Spanish, subtitled), 58 min - Discussion with Director Juan Carlos Galeano

 6:30 - 7:45 pm 

Cinema Verde VIP Opening Night Reception: Let’s Party Like There’s No Tomorrow!

***Be Our Guest and help us THANK EVERYONE who has made Cinema Verde possible for 10 YEARS!***

 8:00 - 10:00 pm

Sustainable Living with Patrick Lang  –  United States,  5 min - Discussion with Director Sacha Ri and Star Patrick Lang

Wonderwall  –  Ukraine,  7 min - Skype Discussion with Director Alexander Denysenko

My Golden Rule (music video)  –  United States,  4 min

Enough White Teacups  –  United States,  59 min - Discussion with Director Michelle Bauer Carpenter

Feb 15, Friday, 6pm–10:45pm

6:00 - 8:30 pm

The Butterfly Trees  –  United States,  1 hr 22 min - Discussion with Director Kay Milam

Caught in Quicksand  –  United States, 4 min

Rescuing Abundance  –  United States, 16 min - Discussion with Director Audrey Murrell

8:30 - 10:45 pm

Unaccountable  –  United States, 11 min - Discussion with Director Stacey Stone

Boy-Zshan Bi-Den  –  United States,  8 min

Sharkwater Extinction  –  United States,  88 min

Feb 16, Saturday, 10am–10:30pm

10:00am - 12:00pm

Keeper of the Creek  –  United States, 5 min

Blue Tomorrow  –   Turkey,  15 min

Night Light  –  United States, 8 min  - Student Film

Dignity at a Monumental Scale  –  United States,  8 min

Skyfall – Spain, 3 min

Violet and the Wild Man  – United States, 18 mi - Discussion with Director Krisztina Danka

Danka won Best in Show at Cinema Verde 2018!

Reboot - United States, 4 min – Animated

Big Booom - Russian Federation, 4 min - Animated

Esperanza - United States, FL, 6 min

The Adventures of Zack and Molly - United States, 11 min - Animated

GSLV Mark3 - India - 6 min

12:00pm – 2:00pm

Juskatla  –  United States, 14 min - Discussion with Director Georg Koszulinski

Living the Change  –  New Zealand, 85 min - Skype Discussion with Directors Antoinette Wilson and Jordan Osmond

2:00pm – 4:00pm

Facing Navassa – USA, 10 min - Student film

The Man of the Trees (L'Homme Des Arbres)   –  Italy (In French, subtitled), 19 min

Thirst for Power – United States, 61 min - Skype Discussion with Director Mat Hames and Author Michael Webber

4:00pm – 6:00pm

Thirst (Daaham)  –  India (subtitled), 4 min - Discussion with Director Siva Nageswara

The Mountain (El Monte)  –  Cuba, 14 min

Pulling Teeth from a Polar Bear – USA, 19 min - Local Student Film

The Flying Rivers (Les Rivières Volantes)  –  France, 53 min

6:00pm – 8:00pm

Confluence  –  United States,  55 min

Mining Phosphorus – United States, 19 min - Discussion with Local Director Alan Toth

Toth was finalist for the 2018 Student Academy Awards!

8:00pm – 10:30pm 

Dominion  –  United States, 120 min - Discussion with Co-Producer Shaun Monson

Feb 17, Sunday, Noon – 8pm

12:00pm – 2:00pm

Within Reach  –  United States,  1 min - FL Student Film - Discussion with Director Bryce Gunning

Bahía  –  Colombia (subtitled),  8 min

A Prayer for Compassion  –   United States, 97 min - “Special Pre-Release Screening;” Discussion with Director Thomas Jackson and Star Melody Jackson

2:00pm – 4:00pm

Activist (Aktivisti–  Finland (subtitled),  57 min

White Fortune  –  Islamic Republic of Iran (subtitled), 38 min

4:00pm – 6:00pm

Balance  –  Islamic Republic of Iran, 3 min - Student Film

Confluir  – United States, 40 min

The Story of a Forest  –  United States,  39 min - Discussion with Director Suki Dejong

6:00pm – 8:00pm

The Green Years (Gli Anni Verdi)  –  Italy (subtitled), 55 min

Are You Volleyball?!  –  Islamic Republic of Iran, 15 min

The Angel's Secrets – Canada, 27 min

Schedule Is Subject to Change.

Filmmakers in Attendance

The Butterfly Trees: Kay Milam, Director

Dominion: Shaun Monson, Co-Producer

Enough White Teacups: Michelle Bauer Carpenter, Director

Juskatla: Georg Koszulinski, Director

Living the Change: Antoinette Wilson and Jordan Osmond, Directors*

Mining Phosphorus: Alan Toth, Director

A Prayer for Compassion: Thomas Jackson and Melody Jackson

Rescuing Abundance: Director Audrey Murrell

The Story of a Forest: Suki Dejong, Director

Thirst: Gangadhar Panday, Producer

Thirst for Power: Mat Hames, Director and Author Michael Webber*

Unaccountable: Stacey Stone, Director and Diane Mellen, Producer

Violet and the Wild Man: Krisztina Danka, Director

Within Reach: Bryce Gunning, Director

Wonderwall: Alexander Denysenko, Director*

*via Skype

Film Synopses

Alphabetical Order - See Schedule Above for Times

Activist – Aktivisti (Finland - subtitled, 57 min).  Directed by Petteri Saario. A touching and encouraging story about a miner’s young daughter and her battle against one of the world's largest mining companies. The film depicts the destiny of an invaluable protected mine in Finnish Lapland. Is everything for sale when the bid is high enough? A film about exceptional determination, courage and love for one’s own roots and home village. 

The Adventures of Zack and Molly (United States, 11 min).  Directed by Jim Toomey, Animated. Zack is more interested in the small world of his smart phone than the larger world around him. His online request for a roommate is answered by Molly, a tech-savvy dumbo octopus on a mission to tell the world about the importance of the deep ocean. Molly wants to use Zack’s apartment for her global communications headquarters, but Zack is skeptical. To win Zack over, Molly takes him to her deep ocean home in the Gulf of Mexico to see its unique features and diverse marine life, and to help him understand how human activities threaten its health.

The Angel's Secrets Canada, 27 min).  Directed by Elodie Turpin. Many know its name; few have seen it. Once present throughout Europe, the angel shark is now critically endangered. As unique as extraordinary, it reveals to us several secrets… little by little, and to those who take the time to listen.

Are You Volleyball?! (Iran- Islamic Republic of, 15 min).  Directed by Mohammad Bakhshi. A group of Arabian spoken asylum seekers arrive to an English spoken country border and can't keep going. They conflict with border soldiers everyday till a deaf-mute baby becomes a catalyst for better communication between two groups.  

Bahía (Colombia-subtitled, 8 min).  Directed by Santiago Ramirez. No longer than 60 years ago, Cartagena Bay harboured more than two hundred hectares of coral reefs, a thousand of seagrass beds and eight hundred of mangroves. It was home to a countless number of marine species that coexisted in harmony with local communities that lived off that richness. Then the so called progress came with its engineering projects and the balance was broken. Life was snatched away from the bay and local communities were left without means of survival. 

Balance (Islamic Republic of Iran, 3 min).  Directed by Barzan Rostami, Student. Animated.  It’s a story about the soldiers who are sacrificing their lives and resist in order to the people of the city and future generations live in peace...  edec83eb-balance_triler.mp4

Big Booom (Russian Federation, 4 min).  Directed by Marat Narimanov. Animated.  The history of humanity and of our planet in four minutes. An eco-friendly statement developed in a single shot that has it all: humor, action and tragedy.

Blue Tomorrow - Mavi Yarın (Turkey, 15 min).  Directed by Numan Ayaz. Animated.  A man who lives alone on his island goes on an unknown journey caused by rising ocean. After witnessing a catastrophe on the way, he finds hope again with other people. But when the ocean rises again, this time he makes an unexpected decision to another unknown.

Boy-Zshan Bi-Den (United States, 8 min).  Directed by Colin Ruggiero. Bison were nearly exterminated across North America.  Thanks to the Shoshone tribe, the National Wildlife Federation and the coordinated efforts of a host of other individuals and organizations, bison have finally been brought back to the Wind River Indian Reservation and a landscape that they once defined.  

The Butterfly Trees (United States, 1 hr 22 min).  Directed by Kay Milam. The Butterfly Trees is a documentary feature film that captures the transcontinental journey of the eastern monarch butterflies on their epic migration from the forested shores of Southern Canada to the rare and ancient oyamel fir trees of Central Mexico. Part science, part adventure, and part love story, the film is a captivating reflection on the profound mysteries of the natural world and the ties that irrevocably connect us all. The story weaves together a wondrous tapestry of stunning visuals, passion for discovery, and the eclectic mix of the people for whom these butterflies have become a magnificent obsession. Filled with allegory and poetic contemplations, The Butterfly Trees brings to the screen a universal story of life and the search for legacy and meaning by using the monarch migration as a poignant metaphor that embodies love, hope, transformation and connections that transcend borders. The monarch butterfly is emblematic of our fragile and complex ecology. But the monarch is also a potent symbol for our individual life’s journey, intergenerational connection, and the quest for mutual belonging and finding our place in this world.

Carbon Weevils (United Kingdom, 7 min) Directed by Tim Britton. A film about our love affair with carbon.

Caught in Quicksand (United States, 4 min) Directed by Marty Novitsky and Uladzimir Taukachou. A short, beautiful film about a man caught in quicksand in the Dead Sea in Israel, where, visiting for years, he has watched its decline. The Dead Sea is shrinking rapidly, which is also causing sink holes to appear daily – there are currently more than 6000. More information about the issue at this link:

Confluence (United States, 55 min). Directed by Amy Marquis, Dana Romanoff. The Colorado River has carved a deep imprint both on the physical landscape and on the people who live near its waters. Confluence follows an up-and-coming indie folk band as they traverse this endangered river system and document the people who rely on it through original music.

Confluir (United States, 40 min). Directed by Henry Worobec. In Peru, the headwaters of the Amazon River cut through the Andes Mountains and help sustain resident communities as well as the most diverse ecosystem on Earth. As the energy demands of Peru increase, the currently free flowing Marañón River faces over 20 proposed dam projects, two of which have already been approved. Our international team of scientists and river experts spent 28 days rafting the Marañón while documenting the natural and cultural resources that would be eminently impacted by proposed dam projects.

Dignity at a Monumental Scale (United States, 8 min). Directed by Kelly Whalen. When images of everyday Navajo life began appearing at a monumental scale on abandoned buildings, roadside stands and water towers across the Four Corners region, it was a surprise for many in the community to discover it was the work of Chip Thomas aka “Jetsonorama," a long-time resident known by many as a healer of another kind. By day, Thomas is a primary care physician on the Navajo Nation, where he’s lived for 30 years. In his free time, Thomas installs massive photo murals depicting his neighbors, from sheepherders to grandmothers, and celebrating the beauty of a people whose land has been mined and poisoned, cut up and sold off. Blowing up and wheat-pasting his black and white photos onto the sides of merchants’ stands, abandoned buildings, and mobile homes, Thomas creates work that allows community members to see themselves represented at monumental scales; while his installations off the reservation help disseminate their struggles -- and their resilience -- to the world at large.  

Dominion (United States, 120 min) Dominion uses drones, hidden and handheld cameras to expose the dark underbelly of modern animal agriculture, questioning the morality and validity of humankind’s dominion over the animal kingdom. While mainly focusing on animals used for food, it also explores other ways animals are exploited and abused by humans, including clothing, entertainment and research. Narrated by Joaquin Phoenix, Rooney Mara, Sia, Sadie Sink and Kat Von D, and co-produced by Earthlings creator Shaun Monson. Filmed in Australia, with a global message.

El Monte: The Mountain (Cuba, 14 min). Directed by Claudia Claremi, International Student Submission. Portrait of the mountain of the Sierra Maestra where José Manuel explains to his granddaughter Malena her vision of the world through an in-depth knowledge of the secrets of nature. Plants and people have great similarities and should be respected. José Manuel hopes that Malena inherits the knowledge that he in turn obtained from the father and becomes a great tree of the mountain.

El Río (United States - Spanish subtitled, 58 min).  Directed by Juan Carlos Galeano. El Río is a feature-length documentary where the daily life and stories of Amazonian peoples become cautionary tales in our Anthropocene era. El Río contributes to intersecting fields of anthropology and environmental humanities for our understanding of the perspectives of indigenous cultures and the life of water ecosystems under threat. It gives credence to the importance of ecological knowledge and belief systems for the entangled natural and human histories of Amazonia. 

Enough White Teacups (United States, 59 min).  Directed by Michelle Bauer Carpenter. This film highlights the Danish non-profit, INDEX: Design to Improve Life ® (INDEX) and the film explores its history as an international design competition and highlights the most innovative INDEX award winners. Showcased is how design can be used to plan and build affordable housing, to prevent of blindness, to destroy landmines, to deliver vaccines and blood in remote areas, to clean up the oceans and to help prevent infant and mother mortality, among others. Sustainable designs/inventions that embrace the principles of social, economic, and ecological sustainability are examined.

Esperanza (USA, FL, 6 min) Directed by Ryan Allen, Local. An archaeologist stumbles upon a remote Florida spring. Is it truly magic or a delusion?

Facing Navassa (USA, 10 min) Milo Kim, Student, A documentary short that examines the dark history of environmental injustice around a creosote plant in southeastern North Carolina.

The Flying Rivers – Les Rivières Volantes (France, 53 min).  Directed by Aurélien Francisco Barros – From the heart of the Amazon rain forest to our European laboratories, climatologists, biologists and chemists are exploring and are starting to understand a mystery: the central role of forests in cloud formation.  Spectacular images will illustrate a strong ecological message and increase awareness of the danger that deforestation represent for our planet.

Gifts of Silver (United Kingdom, 17 min).  Directed by Eddie Frost – The ecology of Chilean Patagonian fjords is mysterious and fragile. This documentary follows Vreni Haussermann as she explores these rich ecosystems and highlights the key challenges for the wildlife there. The film calls for a better understanding of the area and for marine protected areas to be established urgently. Otherwise these 'gifts of silver' will be lost forever.

The Green Years – Gli Anni Verdi (Italy-subtitled, 55 min).  Directed by Chiara Bellini – "Once you would go to the countryside and enjoy its fresh air, now you go to the countryside for its illegal dumps, and to check if some criminal has hidden toxic stuff among the bushes".  Instead of enjoying their pensions and taking care of their aches and pains, three inexhaustible old folks sweep the countryside devastated by abandoned industrial facilities and illegal dumps. They cope with illegal garbage disposal, toxic waste, and institutions often overtaken by the events.

GSLV Mark3 (India-subtitled, 6 min).  Directed by Dinesh Kuma, International College Student submission – GSLV Mark3 is a two point of view narration told from a girl and also the ISRO team who wants to launch their GSLV mark 3 satellite into the space. There is a beautiful connect between girl and rocket which is about to launch.

Juskatla (United States, 14 min). Directed by Georg Koszulinski -  weaves together perspectives of the people who live on the islands of Haida Gwaii—an archipelago on Canada’s Northwest coast, and the ancestral territories of the Haida Nation. From industrial loggers who harvest trees from ancient forests, to Sphenia Jones, a Haida matriarch who bears an intimate knowledge of her People’s territories, Juskatla meditates on the divergent ways of being that shape the islands and its people.

Keeper of the Creek (United States, 5 min).  Directed by Dan Goldes – For 8 years, Joel Goldes has taken responsibility for cleaning the creek near his home in Oak Park, CA. He's removed hundreds of pounds of garbage and trapped thousands of invasive crawdads, proving that one person really can make a difference.

Living the Change New Zealand, 85 min.) Directed by Jordan Osmond, Antoinette Wilson. Explores solutions to the global crises we face today – solutions any one of us can be part of – through the inspiring stories of people pioneering change in their own lives and in their communities in order to live in a sustainable and regenerative way.

The Man of the Trees and the Green Beans – L'homme Des Arbres (Italy, French - subtitled, 19 min). Directed by Andrea Trivero. Daniel Balima is a senior horticulturist from Tenkodogo, a small Sub-Saharan African town in Burkina Faso, where he lives with his large family and has worked since he was born 67 years ago. Daniel as a child falls ill with polio and, although growing without the use of his legs, he is able to follow his father in the family nursery, walking on his hands. He works immediately with great passion and talent so much that his disability, which for many in Africa means a marked destiny, is for Daniel an opportunity: "I could take two paths: begging or taking my life in hand and devoting myself to work with dignity." Daniel has chosen and won this great challenge and, every day, he sows and cultivates with great effort and gratitude many vegetables and plants. In over fifty years of activity he has given life to more than a million trees and this is what is most important for Daniel because, as he tells us, his country, because of the drought, needs many trees and does not stop, on the contrary, he dreams of planting another million.

Mining Phosphorus (United States  g, 19 min) Directed by Alan Toth. Local, a Finalist for the 2018 Student Academy Awards. Phosphorus, the most critical element in modern agriculture, has been acquired through phosphate mining in Florida for over a century, but Florida’s phosphate is quickly running out. When it is gone, the United States will be dependent on phosphate imports. A new source of phosphate is discovered in North Florida that could extend America’s phosphate supply. Local landowners are determined to mine it, but environmentalists vow to stop them before they can begin. The environmentalists point to Central Florida, where strip mining for phosphate has polluted water and air for decades. A county permit is all that stands in the way of the strip mining project. The fight between mineral security and a healthy environment embroils two rural counties in North Florida, where the future of American phosphate mining will be determined by a few public servants.

My Golden Rule (United States, 4 min). Directed by Sally Sherwood – Animated, Experimental, Music Video by Melissa Gail Klein. This film was made as a tribute to the wonders of our earth and the importance of protecting them. Follow a young woman, armed with her banjo and her spirit,  as she enters a portal from a post-apocalyptic world into a realm of rhinoceroses, gorillas and ancient trees to recover magical seeds and make the world wild again!

Night Light (United States, 8 min).  Directed by Yamiset Trujillo, Jane Suarez, Student – Animated.  A wide-eyed, newborn sea turtle named Fin finds himself on the illuminated beaches of Miami. It is a perilous time to be a hatchling, with hazards of artificial light and debris present at every turn. With the help of Abueluna, his caring, celestial guide, Fin will make the daring trek from his cluttered nest to the open seas. 

A Prayer for Compassion (United States, 97 min) Thomas Jackson Special Pre-Release Screening of the feature-length documentary, "A Prayer for Compassion" follows Thomas Jackson on a quest that crisscrosses America and takes him to Morocco for the UN Climate Conference and throughout the Indian subcontinent to ask the question, “Can compassion grow to include all beings? Can people who identify as religious or spiritual come to embrace the call to include all human and nonhuman beings in our circle of respect and caring and love?”

Pulling Teeth from a Polar Bear (United States, 19 min).  Directed by Jackie Allegra Curnick, Student – In this short documentary, the community of St. Lawrence Island shares their struggle with environmental contamination. The Alaskan island, located 30 miles off the coast of Siberia, has faced  contamination associated with the military site, used during the cold war. One group, Alaska Community Action on Toxics, has been working with the community for 20 years to achieve environmental justice for the land, animals, and people in the area.  

Reboot (United States, 4 min).  Directed by Ellen Osborne – Animated.  Humans have finally succeeded in destroying the planet. As the last people board the ship to Mars, the earth breathes a sigh of relief and the boundless resilience of nature springs into action!

Rescuing Abundance (United States, 16 min) Directed by Pat Sehn. Rescuing Abundance is a food sustainability film starring heroes from the Pittsburgh food community. The film tells the story of how business, government, farmers, nonprofits, and college students can work together to reverse the current trend of 31% of the food produced in the United States ending up in landfills, despite millions of people going hungry every day. The ultimate purpose of the film is to develop the foundation for community-focused solutions. Business and the community can work together and drive social innovation in the food space.

Sharkwater Extinction (United States, ). Directed by Rob Stewart, who sent a personal video message to our VIP Opening NIght audience in 2015, when his film Revolution won the Cinema Verde Water Award. Sadly, Rob died on a dive in the Florida Keys in 2017. His work was monumental and his passion continues. This film dives into remote underwater locations to reveal the catastrophic effects humanity has had on the oceans. Illegal overfishing of sharks across the planet has deeper consequences that puts the Earth’s most important ecosystem in danger of collapsing, which threatens all life in, and above, the ocean. Stewart dedicated his life to conservation, saying: “Conservation is the preservation of human life.  And, that, above all else is worth fighting for.” He taught the world to love the oceans and their creatures and not fear sharks through his iconic images of hugging and free diving with sharks and mantas.

Skyfall (Spain, 3 min). Directed by Alberto E. Garcia - Animated. Nature fights back. :)

The Story of a Forest (United States, 39 min). Directed by Suki Dejong. In 2004, a generation of activists arose in South Florida, carrying the passion of direct action groups like Earth First! and the deep analysis of the global justice movement that had swept the country in the preceding years.They sought local issues that exemplified the threats of corporate globalization which they had traveled all over the country protesting at free trade summits, political conventions and industry conferences.They stumbled upon a plan from biotech industry giants acting in collusion with the administration of then-Governor Jeb Bush to clear a vast swath of land in the Northeast Everglades of Florida to accommodate The Scripps Biotech Research Institute... And it was on. Over the next ten years, endless county zoning meetings were counter-balanced by dozens of civil disobedience arrests and a near-constant flow of news headlines about the battle: lawsuits, scandal, corruption, gag-orders, tree sits, the loss of endangered species, pranks, blockades, sabotage, and a roller coaster of incremental victories followed by devastating losses for years on end. THE STORY OF A FOREST captures it all in a film about the Palm Beach County Environmental Coalition’s ten-plus year campaign to stop the development, with a focus on protecting biodiversity in the Briger forest and its wetlands.

Sustainable Living with Patrick Lang (United States, 5 min). Directed by Paige De Ponte and Sacha Riviere. A day in the life of Patrick Lang living a sustainable life in Malibu… filmed before his home and community were consumed by fire in the fall of 2018.

Thirst – Daaham (India-subtitled, 4 min).  Directed by Siva Nageswara Rao – Water is a precious resource which humanity should use responsibly. Our relationship with Nature should always be guided by reciprocity. Nature protects us all and we in turn should protect natural resources and be sympathetic to the needs of fellow human beings. Daaham short film emphasizes in a heart touching way the fact that, before taking we should always……. 

Thirst for Power (United States, 61 min.) Directed by Mat Hames. Filmed across France, California, and Texas, the film traces the history of civilization's quest to procure abundant water and energy — from ancient Roman aqueducts in Europe to modern America’s vast hydroelectric infrastructure. In the modern world, water and energy are the two fundamental components of a society, and they are interconnected. The film explores our dependence on water for energy as well as the huge vulnerabilities in our current systems, exacerbated by climate change. The documentary is adapted from Dr. Michael E. Webber’s book Thirst for Power: Energy, Water, and Human Survival.

Unaccountable (United States, 11 min) Directed by Stacey Stone, “Executive Producer, Diane Mellen found a recent article about three-eyed fish and two-headed turtles in the New River which flows from the U.S. Mexico border into the Salton Sea. Runoff sewage is causing DNA mutations in the animals. As filmmakers, we found it alarming that the California Department of Parks and Recreation is advising parents it is permissible to swim and fish in the Salton Sea. We wanted to make a documentary with vivid imagery, as no words can encompass the sadness of the area.” 

Violet and the Wild Man (United States, 18 min.) Directed by Krisztina Danka, winner of Best in Show at Cinema Verde 2018. New York City is full of eccentric characters, but nobody is like the Wildman. Who else can claim to have made international headlines by getting arrested for eating a dandelion in Central Park? Leading foraging tours and helping people embrace what nature has to offer in the most unexpected places, for decades, Wildman, now 68, a divorced father, is eager to ignite his passion for environmentalism in the younger generation. But can he inspire his own teenage daughter?

White Fortune (Iran- Islamic Republic of-subtitled, 38 min).  Directed by Reza Mohammadpour – The story of misery of Urmia Salt Lake in North West of Iran.

Within Reach (United States, 1 min).  Directed by Bryce Gunning, Florida High School Student submission. Story of a gopher tortoise who became lost in a development of homes, and the family who befriended him and helped him back to nature.     

Wonderwall (Ukraine, 7 min).  Directed by Alexander Denysenko – Music Video.  WONDERWALL is a short film/narrative cinematic music video, which tells the story of unconditional love that helps overcome the loss of a loved one and helps one cope with grief. A musical story follows a young man whose heart has been broken due to the lost of a loved one, and he is trying to escape reality. But his surreal experience while in the Chernobyl exclusion zone gives him a chance to discover himself.